Clustering of sequential CAD modelling data

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Šklebar, Jelena; Martinec, Tomislav; Perišić, Marija Majda; Štorga, Mario
Series: ICED
Institution: University of Zagreb
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 0937-0946
DOI number:


Automating modelling activities in computer-aided design (CAD) systems is no exception within design automation, one of the current research endeavours aiming to use and transform design-related data in design decision-making processes and the generation and evaluation facilitation of new design solutions. The paper explores the differences between CAD models based on their feature-based CAD modelling sequences that lead to the final models' design. The dataset collected and structured for the study contains more than 1400 CAD models clustered on two levels by using an unsupervised K-means clustering algorithm. The algorithm is performed on the number (total and unique) and the first-order Markov model transition matrices of the CAD modelling operations and their sequential order, respectively. Therefore, three and ten groups (clusters) of CAD models are obtained regarding the level of clustering. The results show that most of the obtained groups are specified by the dominant transition between particular modelling operations. In addition, the study also provides insight into the potential of using feature-based CAD modelling operations' sequences as a first step toward automating the user interaction with the CAD system.

Keywords: Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computational design methods, Big data, Cluster analysis, CAD modelling sequences

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